When you trunk two interfaces together, it creates a third virtual interface that is the “trunk interface”. This may also be called the “Link Aggregate Group” (LAG) interface.
Let’s say you need more bandwidth between two switches, and you already have a 1gig link between these switches.
It would be really expensive to have to replace both switches with ones that had 10gig links.
The intermediary solution is to group two 1gig connections together as a “trunk” and allow 2gigs of bandwidth to flow between the switches. This also provides redundancy so if one of the 1gig connections go down, you don’t lose all connectivity between the switches.
Different manufacturers call “trunking” by different names:
- Cisco calls theirs “EtherChannel”
- Avaya calls their “Multi-Link Trunking”
- Huawei calls theirs “EtherTrunk”
This virtual interface may or may not show any statistics, so the value in monitoring these interfaces is manufacturer specific. See if you see utilization or error counts on the interface to determine if the value is presented.
Note: With that many LAG interfaces, these interfaces might be unused, but reserved by the switch OS. If they all show “down”, then it is recommended to ignore them.
Additional details on Wikipedia: